JC Tretter ’13 talks in an interview about broken bones, ruffling feathers, a bum knee, almost quitting football, constant eating, the fun of pro football, what’s next (not lawyering, fyi) and Cornell places he loves.
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Neil Cholli, Klarman Fellow Does "Welfare-to-Work" Work? Evaluating Long-Run Effects across a Generation of Cohorts Abstract: Welfare-to-work reforms remain a popular yet controversial policy around the world. This paper evaluates reforms that introduced public work requirements in Denmark's social assistance program by estimating their long-run effects on a comprehensive set of outcomes across a generation of birth cohorts. Effects are highly heterogeneous across cohorts based on the time the reforms were introduced in the life cycle. Individuals facing the reforms as adults incur null or modest negative effects on income and substitute toward crime and alternative welfare programs. Meanwhile, children exposed to the reforms before they were eligible for social assistance experience significant gains in schooling and income. This heterogeneity is consistent with a model where younger cohorts invest in their human capital in anticipation of future work requirements while older cohorts adjust along alternative margins with high social costs. Evidence suggests that heterogeneity across cohorts can persist for decades over the life cycle and spill over to their own children. Cost-benefit analyses reveal that welfare-to-work is cost-effective in the long run, but this may be driven by anticipatory behavioral responses of younger cohorts aging into the population. This sheds light on the interpretation of aggregate effects of welfare-to-work over time and alternative, more efficient policy designs.
Alex Willén, Norwegian School of Economics The Labor Market Competition and Its Effect on Firms and Local Communities Abstract: We isolate the consequences of increased labor market competition on the entire ecosystem of local communities using unique features of the Scandinavian labor market. A shock to labor mobility from Sweden to Norway caused a substantial increase in labor competition for Swedish firms on the border with Norway. Using individual-level register data linked across the two countries, we show that Swedish firms respond by raising worker wages relative to productivity and reducing their workforces. A compositional change in the workforce results in a drop in the average quality of workers, generating a decline in firm value added and a higher risk of firm exit. The negative effects on firms spill over to the local communities, which experience population flight, declining business activity, increased inequality, and changing political sentiments. These effects persist for at least a decade after the initial shock. We conclude that changes to workers’ outside options can have a dramatic and persistent effect on local communities and send ripples across all segments of society, even in countries with automatic stabilizers specifically designed to blunt the impact of local shocks.
Future of Work Fellowships
The ILR Future of Work fellowship program supports postdoctoral researchers and doctoral students who work with our world-leading faculty on innovative and impactful research projects.
This fellowship program is designed to promote the benefits of strong collaboration between newer researchers and resident faculty members in studying impactful topics related to the future of work. Fellows and their faculty sponsors alike are enabled to address challenging research questions and break out of any stereotypes or default thinking around the future of work.
The number of striking workers in the United States, particularly in private-sector industries, more than doubled from 2022 to 2023, according to a report published Feb. 15 by the ILR School.
the Future of Work.
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