ILRReview Style Guide for Authors
Manuscript length and format
We publish papers of variable length depending on the nature of the study, but in general, the word count for a typical paper, counting all elements -- text, tables, footnotes, and references -- is approximately 10,000, and the character count (counting spaces) is about 70,000. Please use Times Roman 12-point type and the 8.5 x 11 page setting; place page numbers in the upper right corner; and leave top and side margins of at least one inch.
Please submit your paper in MS Word or as RTF. We cannot accept documents formatted in LaTeX. Our system will convert your Word document to PDF.
No author identifying information
The paper you upload must be purged of all information identifying you, your co-authors, and your institution(s). Prepare a separate cover note that includes the current professional title, address, telephone number, and e-mail address for each author of the manuscript. (Copy this into the "Cover Letter" field in the on-line submission). This cover note will not be visible to referees. If you encounter any technical problems, contact our office at firstname.lastname@example.org or (607) 255-3295.
Provide the article title, authors' names, and abstract in the appropriate, separate fields of the web page at the time you upload the paper. Do not include them in the body of the paper itself. (These elements are automatically combined in a title page that the system adds to the paper; the authors' identities are concealed until such time as the paper is accepted.)
Acknowledgments, Data Availability, and Bio Sketches
In the "Cover Letter" field, provide acknowledgments (with exceptions noted below) and a note stating which data and programs you are willing to make available, on request, to interested researchers. A typical note runs as follows: "A data appendix with additional results, and copies of the computer programs used to generate the results presented in the paper, are available from the first author at [postal address and/or email]." When the data used are proprietary, provide the names of agencies or persons who can guide other researchers through the procedures for accessing the data. If you created the data set yourself and wish to exploit it further before making it public, specify a date after which the data will be available.
If you wish to acknowledge the editor or referees, please do so in a specific footnote rather than in the acknowledgments section. There is no need to include a disclaimer stating that errors, or the views expressed, are the author's. We run a blanket statement to that effect on the inside front cover of every issue.
Publication Time Table
Accepted papers are copy-edited once the Editors have decided in which issue the paper will appear. Authors are given the opportunity to review the edited manuscript and then return it to the Managing Editor, who works with the layout artist to typeset the issue for publication. Expect some time lag between acceptance and copy-editing, and from copy-editing to publication.
If your work is accepted, please keep the Managing Editor and the Publication Assistant (ILRR@cornell.edu) informed of any changes in your contact information and any long absences that may prolong your response time to correspondence.
Please fill in your name, address, and email as well as institutional affiliation in the appropriate spaces, using sentence case (not upper case). You may log in at any time and change this information as needed.
In the "abstract" field, provide an abstract of no more than 150 words. The first sentence generally describes the data, method, and purpose. Two or three other sentences state the most important findings, conclusions, and, sometimes, implications. Use only terms that will be understood by a general audience (which includes readers who have little background in statistics). Use the third-person singular or plural, depending on the number of authors of the paper ("The authors investigate how union members in U.S. manufacturing plantsâ€¦").
Provide an untitled introduction of 3 to 5 paragraphs that offers a brief description of the study's central research questions, conceptual framework, and contribution to the literature. Use the first-person ("I" or "we" rather than "This study"). Do not present an outline of the paper; do not anticipate findings or conclusions. Avoid footnotes, tables and figures, and in-text cites.
Place headings (or subheadings) regularly throughout the paper to allow for easier reading and to avoid very long paragraphs. Whenever the quote or fact or argument you are borrowing appears on specific pages in the source, cite those pages rather than the entire source.
Headings and SectionsILRReview uses only three levels of headings. Use bold- face for the first two levels.
- Main heads (title-case; centered) are first.
- Second-level heads (title case; flush left) are next.
- Third-level heads (first letter of first word capitalized and italicized) are next.
- Don't skip steps: That is, no second-level headings before you use a first-level heading. Use second- and third-level headings in sets of two r more.
Methods [1st level]
Data and Sample [2nd level]
Measures [2nd level]
Independent variable [3rd level]
Dependent variables [3rd level]
Fully and separately state each hypothesis and give each a distinct number (Hypothesis 1) or number and letter (Hypothesis 1a) label. Set hypotheses off in blocks.
Hypothesis 1: There is a positive relationship between poor air quality and respiratory ailments.
Hypothesis 1a. When the air quality index decreases, more people complain of respiratory ailments.
Technical terms. To make your work more accessible to the REVIEW's wide-ranging readership, define key technical terms. These include words or phrases that a typical collegiate dictionary may define differently from you or other published scholars. Enclose in quotation marks the first appearance in your paper of each technical term.
Sexist/Biased language: Please avoid language that might be interpreted as denigrating. Do not use "he" or "she" exclusively. Using the plural -- changing "the manager . . . he" to "managers . . .they" -- is one solution; using "he or she" ("him or her") is another. Do not combine the singular and the plural: "An individual Â¦ their. . . ."
Active voice and first-person: Please write in the active voice ("They did it") instead of the passive voice ("It was done") to make it easy for readers to see who did what. Use the first person ("I" or "we") to describe what you, or you and your coauthors, did.
PASSIVE (less desirable): It was reported that the higher the wages paid to employees, the more effort the employees put in to their work.
ACTIVE: Joplin and Atherton (2004) reported that when firms paid higher wages to employees, the employees expended more effort at work.
Tables and Figures
Please review the tables and figures in any issue of the Review. Label tables and figures as follows:
Table 1. Title of Table
Figure 1. Title of Figure
Place Notes directly under the table or figure. If appropriate, indicate the source of the information below the notes. Use substantive table titles that are accessible to readers without a background in statistics. Include headings for all columns, including the first, descriptive column, as well as in row descriptions. Ideally, tables should be 5.5" x 7.75" for portrait orientation or vice versa for landscape. Do not use colors in your tables or figures. Ensure that the Review can easily extract your tables and figures from a Word document and send them to the publisher for layout.
Use asterisks to denote statistical significance as follows:
* Statistically significant at the .10 level;
** at the .05 level;
*** at the .01 level.
Take numbers to no more than three decimal places unless finer specification is meaningful. Table footnotes should include sources, notes (keyed a, b, c, etc.) explaining cryptic or ambiguous elements, and an explanation of significance levels. The footnotes should make tables and figures as self-contained as possible.
Place all tables, figures, and appendices at the end of the document, but indicate within the paper where to place them as follows:
[Table 1 about here]
The conclusion is usually no more than two pages long. Briefly state conclusions, with reference to specific findings as necessary; recapitulate how the findings add to or differ from those of previous studies; and, if appropriate, discuss implications or unanswered questions (but avoid a detailed description of "more research needed"). As in the introductory paragraphs, avoid footnotes and in-text cites.
Use footnotes, not endnotes.