Cornell University

Forced Labor

What is forced labor?

See the ILO's fact sheet and a selected bibliography on forced labor.

See the ILO's Forced Labour Statistics, Forced Labour Stories, and Forced Labour in Latin America.

Facts About Human Trafficking and  The Facts About Human Trafficking for Forced Labor (U.S. Department of State, 2005) 

Fact Sheet No. 14, Contemporary Forms of Slavery (Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 1991)

ILO Conventions


Case Studies