Who Was Alice Cook?
Alice Hanson Cook (1903-1998) devoted her life to helping working people, and especially working
women, on four continents. What she herself called her ''patchwork career'' included
social work, adult education, labor organizing, a tour of foreign service at the
end of World War II, twenty years teaching in Cornell''s School of Industrial and
Labor Relations, and authoring numerous books and articles. She was a pioneer
in bringing attention to issues such as comparable worth, maternity leave, and
pay equity, known for both her scholarly writings and her activism on the experiences
of working women around the world.
Alice attended Northwestern University''s School of Speech from 1920-1924, gaining
her only formal degree. (She would later receive a number of honorary doctorates,
including one from Northwestern.) While enrolled at Northwestern, Alice began
her studies of both economics and social work, as well as beginning her lifelong
attachment to the ideals of socialism. Early employment with the YWCA''s Industrial
Department in the 1920s led her to find ways to use the Y for both union support
efforts and attempts to organize women workers previously ignored by unions, such
as domestic servants. These early efforts with the Y led to Alice''s involvement
with adult labor education efforts such as the Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women
Workers, Arkansas'' Commonwealth College, the Southern Summer School for Workers
in North Carolina, and the Hudson Shore School. They also led to her first direct
employment by the union movement, as she worked for the early CIO''s Textile Workers''
The 1930s and 40s also mark the beginning of Alice''s interests in similar developments
around the world. From 1929 to 1931, she studied in Germany under a DAAD (Deutscher
Akademischer Austauschdienst) fellowship, beginning her long association with
the German system of adult and labor education. She would return to Germany after
World War II, when she became the chief of adult education in Germany''s American
Zone for the Education Division of the High Commission, Germany. Her travels through
Germany at this time combined with her own personal experiences led her to become
intrigued with questions of comparative systems of labor education. She would
ultimately travel throughout both Western and Eastern Europe as well as Asia in
order to carry out her research.
Alice''s academic career began in 1952, when she was hired by the New York State
School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.
She began as a researcher in the School''s extension division, but moved into a
full academic teaching position in 1955. She served as a well-respected teacher
in the School up to her retirement in 1972.
Photo credit: © Kheel Center, Cornell University, All Rights Reserved